Image of Helen Mirren

Helen Mirren

Dame Helen Mirren was born in Queen Charlotte's Hospital in West London. Her mother, Kathleen Alexandrina Eva Matilda (Rogers), was from a working-class English family, and her father, Vasiliy Petrovich Mironov, was a Russian-born civil servant, from Kuryanovo, whose own father was a diplomat. Mirren attended St. Bernards High School for girls, ...

Read bio at imdb | Read bio at Wikipedia
Jul 26, 1945 In Chiswick, London, England, UK
Movie/TV Credits:
First Appeared:
In the movie Anna
Latest Project:
Movie The Nutcracker and the Four Realms 2018-11-02

Won 1 Oscar. Another 112 wins & 117 nominations.

Known For
Poster of The Hundred-Foot Journey
Poster of Monsters University
Poster of The Debt
Poster of The Queen
Movie Coming Through Frieda von Richtofen Weekley 2018
Movie Total Cops Unknown 2018
Movie The Nutcracker and the Four Realms Mother Ginger 2018-11-02
Movie Bellamira Bellamira 2018
Movie Hamlet Ophelia / Gertrude 2018
Movie Berlin, I Love You None 2018
Movie The 49th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards Unknown 2018
Movie Winchester Sarah Winchester 2018-02-23
Movie The Leisure Seeker Ella 2018-01-19
Series Five News Unknown 2018
Movie The WIN Awards 2006 Herself 2018
Movie Anna None 2018
Series Canal+ en Hollywood Unknown 2017-09-13
Movie Warren Ellis: Captured Ghosts Unknown 2017-11-29
Movie 2007 Britannia Awards Herself 2017-12-04
Movie The Making of Woman in Gold Herself / Maria 2017-12-16
Series Britain's Finest Unknown 2017-12-16
Movie Gosford Park: Deleted Scenes Mrs. Wilson 2017-11-28
Movie The Orange British Academy Film Awards Herself 2017-11-26
Movie Pas de Deux: Making 'White Nights' Herself 2017-10-26
Movie Calendar Girls: Deleted Scenes Chris 2017-11-20
Movie The Fate of the Furious None 2017-04-14
Movie 73rd Golden Globe Awards Herself - Nominee & Presenter 2016-01-10
Movie Eye in the Sky Colonel Katherine Powell 2016-04-01
Movie Disneyland 60th Anniversary TV Special Unknown 2016-02-21
Movie Eye in the Sky: Morals Herself 2016-06-28
Movie Shakespeare Live! From the RSC Unknown 2016-04-23
Movie Collateral Beauty Brigitte 2016-12-16
Movie A Roundabout Road to Broadway Unknown 2016-02-06
Movie 2016 Golden Globe Arrivals Special Herself 2016-01-10
Movie 21st Annual Critics' Choice Awards Unknown 2016-01-17
Movie 22nd Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards Unknown 2016-01-30
Movie Eye in the Sky: Perspectives Herself 2016-06-28
Series Go' morgen Danmark Unknown 2015
Series Inside Edition Unknown 2015
Movie 72nd Golden Globe Awards Unknown 2015-01-11
Movie Live from the Red Carpet: The 2015 Tony Awards Unknown 2015-06-07
Movie Red Nose Day Unknown 2015-05-21
Movie The 69th Annual Tony Awards Unknown 2015-06-07
Movie Woman in Gold Maria Altmann 2015-04-10
Series Wogan: The Best Of Unknown 2015-03-16
Movie Istintobrass Herself 2015-02-20
Series Close Up with the Hollywood Reporter Unknown 2015-08-02
Movie Unity Unknown 2015-08-12
Movie Trumbo Hedda Hopper 2015-11-27
Movie Secrets of New York Fashion Week Unknown 2015-10-01
Series The Late Show with Stephen Colbert Unknown 2015-09-08
Series Documentary Now! Herself - Host 2015-08-20
Movie Julie Walters: A Life on Screen Unknown 2014-12-24
Series Sit Down with the Stars Unknown 2014-01-01
Series Late Night with Seth Meyers Unknown 2014-02-24
Series The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon Unknown 2014-02-17
Movie And the Oscar Goes To... Unknown 2014-03-01
Movie Britain's Favourite Detectives Unknown 2014-04-19
Series Last Week Tonight with John Oliver Unknown 2014-04-27
Movie 2014 Golden Globe Arrivals Special Unknown 2014-01-12
Movie The Hundred-Foot Journey Madame Mallory 2014-08-08
Movie 71st Golden Globe Awards Unknown 2014-01-12
Movie 20th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards Unknown 2014-01-18
Movie Enemy of the Reich: The Noor Inayat Khan Story Narrator 2014-02-15
Movie The EE British Academy Film Awards Unknown 2014-02-16
Series Good Morning Britain Herself - 'Brigitte' / ... 2014-04-28
Movie TVGN Movie Special: Red 2 Unknown 2013
Movie 70th Golden Globe Awards Unknown 2013-01-13
Movie The 65th Primetime Emmy Awards Unknown 2013-09-22
Movie The Audience Queen Elizabeth II 2013-06-13
Movie Goodbye Granadaland Unknown 2013-06-15
Movie Monsters University Dean Hardscrabble 2013-06-21
Movie RED 2 Victoria 2013-07-19
Movie The Laurence Olivier Awards 2013 Herself 2013-04-28
Series Movie Guide Unknown 2013-04-11
Movie 19th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards Unknown 2013-01-27
Series Weekend Ticket Unknown 2013-03-11
Movie Phil Spector Linda Kenney Baden 2013-03-24
Movie The American Cinematheque Tribute to Jerry Bruckheimer Herself 2013-12-12
Movie Fifty Years on Stage Unknown 2013-11-02
Movie Behind the Sword in the Stone Herself 2013-12-20
Series ITV News Unknown 2012
Series Celebrity Style Story Unknown 2012-07-07
Movie Hitchcock Alma Reville 2012-12-14
Movie Radioman Herself 2012-12-07
Movie The 2012 European Film Awards Unknown 2012-12-01
Movie All the Queen's Horses: A Diamond Jubilee Special Herself 2012-06-03
Series The 70s Unknown 2012-04-16
Movie The 69th Annual Golden Globe Awards Unknown 2012-01-15
Movie The Door Emerenc 2012-03-08
Series Shakespeare Uncovered Herself 2012-01-25
Series The Diamond Queen Herself - Actor 2012-02-06
Series Cinema 3 Unknown 2011
Movie Love Ranch Grace Bontempo 2011-01-06
Movie The 83rd Annual Academy Awards Unknown 2011-02-27
Movie The Debt Rachel Singer 2011-08-31
Movie 33-y Moskovskiy mezhdunarodnyy kinofestival Unknown 2011-07-02
Movie AFI Life Achievement Award: A Tribute to Morgan Freeman Herself 2011-06-19
Series The Jonathan Ross Show Unknown 2011-09-03
Movie The BAFTA Britannia Awards Unknown 2011-11-07
Movie The British Comedy Awards 2011 Unknown 2011-12-16
Movie Arabia 3D Narrator 2011-11-28
Movie Hollywood Bowl Opening Night Gala Herself 2011-06-17
Movie Arthur Hobson 2011-04-08
Series The Big Picture Unknown 2011-02-01
Movie The 68th Annual Golden Globe Awards Unknown 2011-01-16
Movie The Tempest Prospera 2011-01-07
Movie Brighton Rock Ida 2011-02-04
Movie Celebrity Naked Ambition Unknown 2011-03-12
Movie When Harry Met Sally 2 with Billy Crystal and Helen Mirren Sharon 2011-04-06
Series The Hunt for Britain's Sex Traffickers Unknown 2010
Series Up Close with Carrie Keagan Unknown 2010
Series Mark Lawson Talks to... Unknown 2010
Movie 16th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards Unknown 2010-01-23
Movie La noche de los Oscar Unknown 2010-03-07
Movie The 82nd Annual Academy Awards Unknown 2010-03-07
Movie 25th Film Independent Spirit Awards Unknown 2010-03-05
Series Janela Indiscreta Unknown 2010-03-03
Series Le grand journal de Canal+ Unknown 2010
Movie The Last Station Sofya 2010-02-26
Movie Cannes Film Festival 2010 Unknown 2010-05-12
Movie The 64th Annual Tony Awards Unknown 2010-06-13
Movie RED Unknown 2010-10-15
Series Film Fiend Unknown 2010-10-31
Movie Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole Nyra 2010-09-24
Series Daybreak Unknown 2010-09-01
Series Toy Stories Unknown 2010-08-02
Series The People's Detective Unknown 2010-08-31
Movie Golden Globes Red Carpet Live Unknown 2010-01-17
Movie The 67th Annual Golden Globe Awards Unknown 2010-01-17
Series The Many Faces of... Unknown 2010-12-19
Movie State of Play Cameron Lynne 2009-04-17
Movie The Jazz Baroness Nica - Narrator 2009-04-17
Series Glee Unknown 2009-05-19
Movie Phèdre Phèdre 2009-06-25
Movie Premio Internazionale del Cinema Rodolfo Valentino. XXXII Edizione Herself 2009-08-29
Movie Kiran Bedi: Yes Madam, Sir Narrator 2009-07-31
Series Live from Studio Five Unknown 2009-09-14
Series The Rotten Tomatoes Show Unknown 2009-03-05
Movie Helen Mirren a Conversation with Cora Herself 2009-01-06
Series In the House with Peter Bart & Peter Guber Unknown 2009-12-03
Movie Down-Under with Ron and Valerie Taylor Herself 2009-01-06
Movie Inkheart Elinor 2009-01-23
Series Late Night with Jimmy Fallon Unknown 2009-03-02
Movie Buscando a Penélope Unknown 2009-02-21
Movie Top of the Cops Unknown 2009-04-10
Series How TV Changed Britain Unknown 2008-06-01
Series Call the Cops Unknown 2008-08-12
Movie The Real 'Life on Mars'! Unknown 2008-08-11
Series Drama Trails Unknown 2008-07-02
Movie The 60th Primetime Emmy Awards Unknown 2008-09-21
Series The Story of the Costume Drama Unknown 2008-11-01
Movie The Perfect TV Detective Herself 2008-12-29
Movie Galantuomini Unknown 2008-11-21
Movie NT2: Set in History Herself 2008-06-04
Movie NT2: Evolution of a Golden City Herself 2008-06-04
Movie Oscar, que empiece el espectáculo Unknown 2008-02-05
Movie Reinventando Hollywood Unknown 2008-01-08
Movie Oscar's Red Carpet 2008 with Regis Philbin Herself 2008-02-24
Movie An Evening at the Academy Awards Unknown 2008-02-24
Movie NT2: On Location Herself 2008-06-04
Movie NT2: Underground Action Herself 2008-06-04
Movie The 80th Annual Academy Awards Unknown 2008-02-24
Movie The Making of 'The Queen' Herself / Queen Elizabeth II 2007-01-14
Series E! Live from the Red Carpet Unknown 2007
Movie The 64th Annual Golden Globe Awards Unknown 2007-01-15
Movie National Treasure: Book of Secrets Emily Appleton 2007-12-21
Series A Bucket o' French & Saunders Unknown 2007-09-07
Series British Film Forever Unknown 2007-07-28
Movie The World Awaits: De La Hoya vs. Mayweather Unknown 2007-05-05
Movie Richard & Judy's Christmas Books Herself 2007-12-15
Series The Blair Years Unknown 2007-11-18
Movie The 59th Primetime Emmy Awards Unknown 2007-09-16
Movie The National Movie Awards Herself 2007-09-28
Series The Graham Norton Show Unknown 2007-02-22
Series Xposé Unknown 2007-04-16
Movie The 12th Annual Critics' Choice Awards Unknown 2007-01-20
Movie 13th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards Unknown 2007-01-28
Movie Penélope, camino a los Oscar Unknown 2007-02-12
Movie The Oprah Winfrey Oscar Special Herself 2007-02-22
Movie XXI Premios Anuales de la Academia Unknown 2007-01-28
Movie La noche de los Oscar Unknown 2007-02-25
Movie The Best of Masterpiece Theatre Herself 2007-03-04
Movie Star Movies: Live from the Red Carpet Herself 2007-02-26
Movie The 79th Annual Academy Awards Unknown 2007-02-25
Series Movie Connections Unknown 2007-09-10
Series Corazón de... Unknown 2006
Series Rachael Ray Unknown 2006-09-18
Movie TV's 50 Greatest Stars Unknown 2006-09-09
Series 30 Rock Unknown 2006-10-11
Series Prime Suspect 7: The Final Act Det. Supt. Jane Tennison 2006-11-12
Movie The Queen The Queen 2006-11-17
Movie The 58th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards Unknown 2006-08-27
Movie Trailer for a Remake of Gore Vidal's Caligula Tiberia 2006-03-02
Movie Bloody Business Herself 2006-04-04
Movie Best Ever Muppet Moments Unknown 2006-03-11
Series Elizabeth I Elizabeth I 2006-04-22
Movie Shadowboxer Rose 2006-07-14
Series The One Show Unknown 2006-08-14
Movie The Big Fat Quiz of the Year Unknown 2006-12-27
Movie Avenue of the Stars: 50 Years of ITV Unknown 2005
Movie The Orange British Academy Film Awards Herself 2005-02-12
Movie ITV 50 Greatest Shows Unknown 2005-09-10
Series Drama Connections Unknown 2005-09-06
Series Martha Unknown 2005-09-01
Series The Andrew Marr Show Unknown 2005-09-11
Series Made in Hollywood Unknown 2005-09-30
Movie The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts Unknown 2005-12-26
Series The Colbert Report Unknown 2005-10-17
Movie Sport at Heart Unknown 2005-07-06
Movie The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Unknown 2005-04-29
Movie The 62nd Annual Golden Globe Awards Unknown 2005-01-16
Movie The 10th Annual Critics' Choice Awards Unknown 2005-01-10
Movie Los Angeles Herself 2005-01-31
Movie 11th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards Unknown 2005-02-05
Movie Empire Movie Awards 2005 Unknown 2005-03-15
Movie Comic Relief: Red Nose Night Live 05 Unknown 2005-03-11
Series The Late Late Show with Craig Ferguson Unknown 2005-01-03
Series Who Do You Think You Are? Unknown 2004-10-12
Movie Calendar Girls Chris 2004-01-01
Movie The Clearing Eileen Hayes 2004-07-16
Series Tavis Smiley Unknown 2004-01-05
Movie 10th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards Unknown 2004-02-22
Series Prime Suspect 6: The Last Witness Det. Supt. Jane Tennison 2004-04-18
Series The Insider Unknown 2004-09-13
Movie Peace One Day Herself 2004-08-21
Movie The 58th Annual Tony Awards Unknown 2004-06-06
Movie 'Calendar Girls': Creating the Calendar Herself / Chris 2004-05-04
Movie 'Calendar Girls': The Naked Truth Herself / Chris 2004-05-04
Movie Pride Macheeba 2004-06-21
Movie Raising Helen Dominique 2004-05-28
Series Jimmy Kimmel Live! Unknown 2003-01-26
Movie The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone Karen Stone 2003-05-04
Series Live! with Kelly Unknown 2003
Series Shootout Unknown 2003-10-12
Series Ellen: The Ellen DeGeneres Show Unknown 2003-09-08
Movie Celebrity Naked Ambition Unknown 2003-09-01
Movie Julie Walters: A BAFTA Tribute Herself 2003-12-19
Series Comedy Connections Unknown 2003-06-09
Movie No Such Thing Unknown 2002-11-15
Movie Door to Door Mrs. Porter 2002-07-14
Series Top Gear Unknown 2002-10-20
Movie The Making of Gosford Park Unknown 2002
Movie Georgetown Annabelle Garrison 2002
Movie Gosford Park Unknown 2002-01-18
Movie Last Orders Amy 2002-01-11
Movie The 59th Annual Golden Globe Awards Unknown 2002-01-20
Series Cast & Crew Unknown 2002
Movie A Salute to Robert Altman, an American Maverick Herself 2002-02-10
Movie 8th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards Unknown 2002-03-10
Movie The 74th Annual Academy Awards Unknown 2002-03-24
Movie Greenfingers Georgina Woodhouse 2001-09-14
Series Friday Night with Jonathan Ross Unknown 2001-11-02
Movie The Authenticity of Gosford Park Unknown 2001
Series Lorraine Unknown 2001-09-03
Movie The BAFTA TV Awards 2001 Unknown 2001
Movie Long Night's Journey Into Day Narrator 2001-12-20
Movie Happy Birthday Distinguished Woman 2001-06-29
Movie On the Edge Unknown 2001-06-28
Movie The Pledge Unknown 2001-01-19
Series Parkinson Unknown 2000-01-04
Series Breakfast Unknown 2000-10-02
Movie The Passion of Ayn Rand Ayn Rand 1999-01-27
Movie Teaching Mrs. Tingle Mrs. Tingle 1999-08-20
Series Loose Women Unknown 1999-09-06
Series Third Watch Unknown 1999-09-23
Movie The 51st Annual Primetime Emmy Awards Unknown 1999
Movie Sidoglio Smithee Herself 1998
Movie The Prince of Egypt The Queen 1998-12-18
Movie Painted Lady Maggie Sheridan 1998-04-26
Series The Greatest Unknown 1998-03-28
Movie The 19th Annual CableACE Awards Unknown 1997
Series Prime Suspect 5: Errors of Judgement Jane Tennison 1997-02-09
Movie The 54th Annual Golden Globe Awards Unknown 1997-01-19
Series The View Unknown 1997-08-11
Movie Critical Care Stella 1997-10-31
Movie Prime Suspect: Inner Circles Supt. Jane Tennison 1996-02-11
Movie The 48th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards Unknown 1996-09-08
Series 1914-1918 Margaret Randa / ... 1996-10-24
Movie Some Mother's Son Kathleen Quigley 1996-12-25
Movie Losing Chase Chase Phillips 1996-08-18
Series The Daily Show Unknown 1996-07-22
Series Ruby Wax Meets... Unknown 1996-01-28
Series TFI Friday Unknown 1996-02-09
Series Tracey Takes On... Unknown 1996-01-24
Movie The Snow Queen Snow Queen 1995-11-21
Series The Frank Skinner Show Unknown 1995-09-10
Movie Prime Suspect: The Lost Child Supt. Jane Tennison 1995-10-22
Movie The 49th Annual Tony Awards Unknown 1995-06-04
Movie Prime Suspect: The Scent of Darkness Supt. Jane Tennison 1995-05-15
Movie The 7th Annual Britannia Awards Herself - Presenter 1995-02-08
Movie The 67th Annual Academy Awards Unknown 1995-03-27
Series The London Programme Unknown 1994
Movie Entertainment Cops Herself 1994-12-25
Series Extra Unknown 1994-09-05
Series Prime Suspect 3 DCI Jane Tennison 1994-04-28
Series WGN Morning News Unknown 1994-09-06
Movie The 46th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards Unknown 1994-09-11
Movie The Madness of King George Queen Charlotte 1994-12-28
Movie The Madness of King George: Featurette Herself / Queen Charlotte 1994-10-01
Series HBO First Look Unknown 1994-03-01
Movie Royal Deceit Geruth 1994-02-23
Series Frasier Unknown 1993-09-16
Series Late Night with Conan O'Brien Unknown 1993-09-13
Movie Bethune: The Making of a Hero Frances Penny Bethune 1993-09-17
Movie The 45th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards Unknown 1993-09-19
Movie The Hawk Annie Marsh 1993-12-10
Series Hollywood Women Unknown 1993-12-02
Series Late Show with David Letterman Unknown 1993-08-30
Series Prime Suspect 2 DCI Jane Tennison 1992-12-15
Series Prime Suspect DCI Jane Tennison 1992-01-23
Movie Where Angels Fear to Tread Lilia Herriton 1992-02-28
Series The Tonight Show with Jay Leno Unknown 1992-05-25
Series The Hidden Room Unknown 1991-07-23
Movie The Comfort of Strangers Caroline 1991-04-01
Series Charlie Rose Unknown 1991-09-30
Movie The Cook, the Thief, His Wife & Her Lover Georgina 1990-04-06
Movie Cause célèbre Alma Rattenbury 1989-05-04
Series Clive Anderson Talks Back Unknown 1989-03-17
Series 6 O'Clock Live Unknown 1989-09-01
Movie Red King, White Knight Anna 1989-11-25
Movie When the Whales Came Clemmie Jenkins 1989-10-20
Series ITV Lunchtime News Unknown 1988-12-16
Movie Pascali's Island Lydia Neuman 1988-08-01
Series ¡Qué noche la de aquel año! Unknown 1987
Series French and Saunders Unknown 1987-03-09
Movie The Gospel According to Vic Ruth Chancellor 1987-03-13
Movie Invocation: Maya Deren Narrator 1987
Series BBC One O'Clock News Unknown 1986-10-27
Series American Masters Unknown 1986-06-23
Movie The Mosquito Coast Mother 1986-11-26
Series The Twilight Zone Unknown 1985-09-27
Movie White Nights Galina Ivanova 1985-12-06
Series Aspel & Company Unknown 1984-06-09
Movie Cal Marcella 1984-08-24
Movie 2010: The Odyssey Continues Herself 1984
Movie 2010 Tanya Kirbuk 1984-12-07
Series BBC Six O'Clock News Unknown 1984-09-01
Series Reading Rainbow Unknown 1983-06-06
Movie An Audience with Mel Brooks Herself 1983-12-31
Movie The Long Good Friday Victoria 1982-04-02
Series Faerie Tale Theatre Unknown 1982-09-11
Movie The Variety Club Awards for 1981 Herself - Winner: Stage Actress of 1981 1982-02-03
Series Channel 4 News Unknown 1982-11-02
Movie Cymbeline Imogen 1982-12-20
Series Entertainment Tonight Unknown 1981-09-14
Movie Excalibur Morgana 1981-04-10
Movie A Documentary on the Making of 'Gore Vidal's Caligula' Herself - 'Caesonia' 1981
Movie A Midsummer Night's Dream Unknown 1981-12-13
Movie Caligula Caesonia 1980-02-15
Movie Hussy Beaty Simons 1980-05-01
Series Newsnight Unknown 1980-01-30
Movie The Fiendish Plot of Dr. Fu Manchu Alice Rage 1980-08-08
Movie S.O.S. Titanic Unknown 1979-09-23
Series 60 Minutes Unknown 1979-02-01
Series Friday Night, Saturday Morning Unknown 1979-09-28
Series Oresteia Unknown 1979-03-07
Series CBS News Sunday Morning Unknown 1979-12-05
Movie The Quiz Kid Joanne 1979
Series The South Bank Show Unknown 1978-01-14
Movie As You Like It Rosalind 1978-12-17
Series Hollywood Greats Unknown 1977-08-04
Movie The Philanthropist Celia 1975-10-29
Series Saturday Night Live Unknown 1975-10-11
Series Arena Unknown 1975-10-01
Series Good Morning America Unknown 1975-01-06
Movie Caesar and Claretta Claretta Petacci 1975-05-09
Series Thriller Unknown 1974-01-21
Series BBC2 Playhouse Unknown 1974-03-13
Movie Red Hot Shot Unknown 1974-12-16
Movie O Lucky Man! Patricia Burgess / Casting Assistant 1973-06-20
Series Fantastic Unknown 1973-08-05
Movie Savage Messiah Gosh Boyle 1972-09-01
Movie Miss Julie Miss Julie 1972-05-21
Series Canada A.M. Unknown 1972-09-11
Series Cousin Bette Valerie 1972-11-05
Series Great Performances Unknown 1972-11-04
Series Film 2017 Unknown 1971-11-16
Series Behind the Scenes Unknown 1971-08-18
Movie Doing Her Own Thing Herself 1970
Series Play for Today Angela / ... 1970-10-15
Series The Brian Connell Interview Unknown 1970-08-03
Movie A Midsummer Night's Dream Hermia 1969-02-09
Series ITV Sunday Night Theatre Unknown 1969-01-11
Movie Age of Consent Cora 1969-05-14
Series 60 Minutes Unknown 1968-09-24
Movie Herostratus Advert Woman 1967-06-01
Series Omnibus Herself 1967-10-13
Movie The Extravaganza of Golgotha Smuts None 1967-09-22
Series ITV Playhouse Unknown 1967-09-25
Series BBC Play of the Month Unknown 1965-10-19
Series Today Unknown 1952-01-14