Image of Hans Zimmer

Hans Zimmer

German-born composer Hans Zimmer is recognized as one of Hollywood's most innovative musical talents. He featured in the music video for The Buggles' single "Video Killed the Radio Star", which became a worldwide hit and helped usher in a new era of global entertainment as the first music video to be aired on MTV (August 1, 1981). Zimmer entered ...


Read bio at imdb | Read bio at Wikipedia
Born:
Sep 12, 1957 In Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, West Germany
Movie/TV Credits:
415
First Appeared:
In the movie Der Kinomacher - Bernd Eichinger zum 50. Geburtstag
Latest Project:
Movie Pizza Man 2017-08-14

Won 1 Oscar. Another 107 wins & 169 nominations.

Known For
Poster of Inception
Poster of The Dark Knight
Poster of Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl
Poster of The Lion King
Filmography
Movie Mr. J Unknown 2018
Movie A Gala Christmas in Vienna Unknown 2018
Movie Musik im Spiegel der Gefühle Himself 2018
Movie Casi divas Unknown 2018
Movie Comeback Unknown 2018
Movie Muppets Treasure Island Unknown 2018
Movie German Hollywood Dreams Himself 2018
Movie Blood on the Land: The Making of a King Unknown 2017-07-28
Movie Dunkirk Unknown 2017-07-21
Movie The Last Face Unknown 2017-07-28
Movie The Making of 'Crimson Tide' Himself 2017
Series So You Think You Can Dance Unknown 2017-08-04
Movie Pizza Man Unknown 2017-08-14
Series Planet Earth II Unknown 2017-02-18
Movie The Boss Baby Unknown 2017-03-31
Movie Hans Zimmer Live on Tour Himself 2017
Movie Hidden Figures Unknown 2017-01-06
Series The Bible Unknown 2017-02-17
Series Dracula Unknown 2017-03-05
Movie Rings Unknown 2017-02-03
Movie Kung Fu Panda: Secrets of the Scroll Unknown 2016-01-05
Movie 13 Hours Unknown 2016-01-15
Movie Making Waves: The Art of Cinematic Sound Himself 2016
Movie Lappajärven naarasleijona Unknown 2016
Movie Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice Unknown 2016-03-25
Movie Batman: The Dark Knight Unknown 2016-11-08
Movie Kung Fu Panda 3 Unknown 2016-01-29
Movie The Journey of Rain Man Himself 2016-11-12
Movie Gary Webb: In His Own Words Unknown 2016-11-17
Movie Hans Zimmer on 'The Thin Red Line' Himself 2016-12-06
Movie The Edge of Seventeen Unknown 2016-11-18
Movie Inferno Unknown 2016-10-28
Series Expeditie Robinson Unknown 2016-11-05
Movie Score: A Film Music Documentary Himself 2016-10-08
Series Ladbrokes Players Championship Unknown 2016-03-22
Movie How Long the Night Unknown 2016-02-16
Movie Auschwitz Unknown 2016-04-17
Movie The Little Prince Unknown 2016-08-05
Movie 72nd Golden Globe Awards Unknown 2015-01-11
Series Sons of Liberty Unknown 2015-01-25
Movie The Oscars Unknown 2015-02-22
Series Premier Boxing Champions Unknown 2015
Movie Sorry to Say Unknown 2015
Movie Terminator Genisys Unknown 2015-07-01
Movie Dope Unknown 2015-06-19
Movie Hans Zimmer Revealed: The Documentary Unknown 2015-06-04
Movie Batkid Begins Unknown 2015-06-26
Movie Jean-Michel Jarre: The Rise of Electronic Music Himself 2015-09-19
Movie The Letters Unknown 2015-12-04
Movie Freeheld Unknown 2015-11-05
Movie Chappie Unknown 2015-03-06
Movie Ego Sum Unknown 2015-05-15
Movie El conejo blanco: Warped to Hiroshima!! Unknown 2015-03-25
Series Reel Iconic Unknown 2015-03-23
Movie Les bosquets Unknown 2015-04-18
Movie Inside 'Interstellar' Himself 2015-03-31
Movie Woman in Gold Unknown 2015-04-10
Series A.D. The Bible Continues Unknown 2015-04-05
Series Ladbrokes World Grand Prix Unknown 2015-03-16
Movie 71st Golden Globe Awards Himself - Nominee 2014-01-12
Movie Winter's Tale Unknown 2014-02-14
Movie Liberatum Inspiring Creativity Unknown 2014
Movie The Amazing Spider-Man 2 Unknown 2014-05-02
Movie Interstellar Unknown 2014-11-07
Movie Pride Unknown 2014-09-12
Movie The Simpsons Take the Bowl Himself 2014-09-12
Movie Women of the Bible Unknown 2014-12-10
Movie Worst Film Ever Unknown 2014-12-22
Movie Nocturnal Unknown 2014-07-03
Series The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon Unknown 2014-02-17
Series Penn & Teller: Fool Us Unknown 2014-07-30
Movie The Music of Amazing Spider-Man 2: A Conversation with Marc Webb Himself 2014-08-19
Movie Home Bound Unknown 2014-06-29
Movie 1,001 Movies You Must See (Before You Die) Unknown 2014-02-28
Movie The Distortion of Sound Unknown 2014-07-23
Movie Transformers: Age of Extinction Unknown 2014-06-27
Series Dreamland Unknown 2014-03-28
Movie Divergent Unknown 2014-03-21
Movie Son of God Unknown 2014-02-28
Movie Bullet to the Head Unknown 2013-02-01
Movie Saturday Unknown 2013-01-13
Movie Inception: In 60 Seconds Unknown 2013-03-22
Movie Hansel & Gretel: Witch Hunters Unknown 2013-01-25
Movie The Lone Ranger Unknown 2013-07-03
Movie 12 Years a Slave Unknown 2013-11-08
Movie Last Love Unknown 2013-11-01
Movie Side by Side Unknown 2013-10-12
Movie The Sonic Landscape of 'Man of Steel' Himself 2013-11-12
Movie Strong Characters, Legendary Roles Unknown 2013-11-12
Movie Back on Earth? Unknown 2013-12-13
Movie The American Cinematheque Tribute to Jerry Bruckheimer Himself 2013-12-12
Movie I'm in Love with a Church Girl Unknown 2013-12-06
Movie Captain Phillips Unknown 2013-10-11
Movie Beyond: Two Souls Unknown 2013-10-08
Movie Versus: The Way to Shadow Unknown 2013-09-11
Movie Guardian of the City Unknown 2013-09-10
Movie The Dark Knight in the Playroom Unknown 2013-08-08
Movie The Fire Rises: The Creation and Impact of the Dark Knight Trilogy Unknown 2013-09-24
Movie Mr. Nobody Unknown 2013-09-26
Movie Rush Unknown 2013-09-27
Movie Man of Steel Unknown 2013-06-14
Movie Red Wing Unknown 2013-10-04
Movie Gui Truong Luong Unknown 2012
Movie The Astronomer Unknown 2012-12-14
Movie The Dawkins Movie Unknown 2012-10-15
Movie Hollywood in Vienna 2012 Unknown 2012-10-28
Movie Ending the Knight Unknown 2012-12-04
Movie The Longest Daycare Unknown 2012-07-13
Movie The Dark Knight Rises Unknown 2012-07-20
Movie 16H en mission Unknown 2012-02-01
Movie The 84th Annual Academy Awards Unknown 2012-02-26
Movie Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted Unknown 2012-06-08
Movie The Dilemma Unknown 2011-01-14
Movie Season of the Witch Unknown 2011-01-07
Movie Broadcast News: James L. Brooks - A Singular Voice Himself 2011-01-25
Movie Jealous of the Birds Unknown 2011-08-14
Series Curiosity Unknown 2011-08-07
Movie Kobresia: Fragments Unknown 2011-08-26
Series Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness Unknown 2011-09-19
Series The Filthy Frank Show Unknown 2011-08-05
Movie Kung Fu Panda 2 Unknown 2011-05-26
Movie Crysis 2 Unknown 2011-03-22
Movie Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows Unknown 2011-12-16
Series Pastor Mike Online Unknown 2011-05-17
Movie Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides Unknown 2011-05-20
Series Revenge Unknown 2011-09-21
Movie Kung Fu Panda: Secrets of the Masters Unknown 2011-12-13
Movie Rango Unknown 2011-03-04
Series Gintberg på kanten Unknown 2011-03-03
Movie Pirates of the Caribbean: Tales of the Code: Wedlocked Unknown 2011-10-18
Movie Megamind: The Button of Doom Unknown 2011-02-25
Series Living the Life Unknown 2011-10-11
Movie Hans Zimmer - Der Sound für Hollywood Himself 2011-03-14
Movie Batman: Night's End Unknown 2011-05-17
Movie Kung Fu Panda Holiday Unknown 2010
Series Inception: Motion Comics Unknown 2010
Movie Heidi Montag Says No to Plastic Unknown 2010-02-01
Movie Megamind Unknown 2010-11-05
Movie The Rig Unknown 2010-10-05
Movie Removal Unknown 2010-11-07
Movie How Do You Know Unknown 2010-12-17
Movie The Cover-Up Unknown 2010-12-31
Movie Inception Unknown 2010-07-16
Movie Despicable Me Unknown 2010-07-09
Movie Henri 4 Unknown 2010-03-04
Movie Presidential Reunion Unknown 2010-03-03
Series The Pacific Unknown 2010-03-14
Movie The Practice of the Wild Unknown 2010-05-03
Series Through the Wormhole Unknown 2010-06-09
Movie Assassin Unknown 2010-02-25
Movie Frost/Nixon Unknown 2009-01-23
Movie Public Enemies Unknown 2009-07-01
Movie Capitalism: A Love Story Unknown 2009-10-02
Movie Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen Unknown 2009-06-24
Movie David Garrett Live in Berlin Unknown 2009-06-11
Movie Angels & Demons Unknown 2009-05-15
Movie Der Klang Hollywoods - Max Steiner & seine Erben Unknown 2009-10-26
Movie The Burning Plain Unknown 2009-11-05
Movie It's Complicated Unknown 2009-12-25
Movie Sherlock Holmes Unknown 2009-12-25
Movie Pirate Radio Unknown 2009-11-13
Movie Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 Unknown 2009-11-10
Movie Monsters vs. Aliens Unknown 2009-03-27
Movie Foreign Filmmakers' Guide to Hollywood Unknown 2009-03-21
Movie Thick as Thieves Unknown 2009-01-09
Movie Iron Man Unknown 2008-05-02
Series X Factor Unknown 2008-03-10
Movie Kung Fu Panda Unknown 2008-06-06
Movie The Dark Knight Unknown 2008-07-18
Movie Babylon A.D. Unknown 2008-08-29
Movie Vantage Point Unknown 2008-02-22
Movie The Kite Runner Unknown 2008-01-11
Movie Gotham Uncovered: Creation of a Scene Unknown 2008-12-09
Movie Kung Fu Panda: Secrets of the Furious Five Unknown 2008-11-09
Movie Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa Unknown 2008-11-07
Movie Love Tap Unknown 2008
Movie Running the Sahara Unknown 2008-10-17
Movie War of the Servers Unknown 2007-11-09
Series Nostalgia Critic Unknown 2007-07-01
Movie Sicko Unknown 2007-07-03
Movie DOA: Dead or Alive Unknown 2007-06-15
Movie Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End Unknown 2007-05-25
Series Blood+ Unknown 2007-03-17
Movie Sanctuary: Lisa Gerrard Himself 2007-04-24
Movie Rescue Dawn Unknown 2007-07-27
Movie The Simpsons Movie Unknown 2007-07-27
Movie The Pirate Maestro: The Music of Hans Zimmer Himself 2007-12-04
Movie Hoist the Colours: The Opening Sequence Himself 2007-12-04
Movie August Rush Unknown 2007-11-21
Movie Bee Movie Unknown 2007-11-02
Movie Where's Waldo: The Second Coming Unknown 2007-08-16
Movie Pirates of the Caribbean Online Unknown 2007-10-31
Movie The Holiday Unknown 2006-12-08
Movie L'isola dei famosi - Le Olimpiadi Unknown 2006-11-22
Movie The Da Vinci Code: The Music of The Da Vinci Code Himself 2006-11-14
Movie Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest Unknown 2006-07-07
Movie The Da Vinci Code Unknown 2006-05-19
Movie Urmel aus dem Eis Unknown 2006-08-03
Movie French Bomber Detective Unknown 2006-09-06
Series Made in Hollywood: Teen Edition Unknown 2006-09-30
Movie Backdraft: Igniting the Story Himself 2006-09-19
Movie Over the Hedge Unknown 2006-05-19
Movie Ask the Dust Unknown 2006-04-13
Movie The Prestige Unknown 2006-10-20
Movie The Da Vinci Code: Scoring the Da Vinci Code Unknown 2006
Movie Curious George Unknown 2006-02-10
Movie Trade Winds: The Collaboration Himself 2006-02-21
Movie Kingdom Hearts II Unknown 2006-03-28
Movie All the Invisible Children Unknown 2006-03-03
Movie Black Rain: Post-Production Himself 2006-10-10
Series The Contender Unknown 2005-03-07
Movie The Curse of the Were-Rabbit Unknown 2005-10-07
Movie The Weather Man Unknown 2005-10-28
Movie The Little Polar Bear 2: The Mysterious Island Unknown 2005-09-29
Series Dancing Stars Unknown 2005-09-23
Series Pastewka Unknown 2005-09-09
Series Dancing with the Stars Unknown 2005-06-01
Movie Chicken Little Unknown 2005-11-04
Movie Kronk's New Groove Unknown 2005-12-12
Movie House of D Unknown 2005-04-29
Movie Madagascar Unknown 2005-05-27
Movie El sueño de Paco Unknown 2005-04-13
Movie The Ring Two Unknown 2005-03-18
Movie The 62nd Annual Golden Globe Awards Unknown 2005-01-16
Movie Undiscovered Unknown 2005-08-26
Movie The Sandbox Unknown 2005-09-11
Movie Batman Begins Unknown 2005-06-15
Movie The Island Unknown 2005-07-22
Movie AFI's 100 Years... 100 Songs: America's Greatest Music in the Movies Unknown 2004-06-22
Movie Shrek 2 Unknown 2004-05-19
Movie Rancid Unknown 2004-12-25
Movie King Arthur Unknown 2004-07-07
Movie Laura's Star Unknown 2004-09-19
Movie Thunderbirds Unknown 2004-07-30
Movie Noam Chomsky: Rebel Without a Pause Unknown 2004-04-15
Movie Spanglish Unknown 2004-12-17
Movie Journey to Safety: Making 'Tears of the Sun' Unknown 2004
Movie Tricks of the Trade: Making 'Matchstick Men' Unknown 2004-02-24
Movie The Lion King 1 1/2 Unknown 2004-02-09
Series Tavis Smiley Unknown 2004-01-05
Movie Sound in Motion Himself 2004-03-31
Movie Shark Tale Unknown 2004-10-01
Movie Ire Unknown 2004
Movie Running Away Unknown 2004
Movie Ella Enchanted Unknown 2004-04-09
Movie Tears of the Sun Unknown 2003-03-07
Series Threat Matrix Unknown 2003-09-18
Series Carnivàle Unknown 2003-09-14
Series L'isola dei famosi Unknown 2003-09-19
Series Shootout Unknown 2003-10-12
Movie Something's Gotta Give Unknown 2003-12-12
Movie The Last Samurai Unknown 2003-12-05
Movie Matchstick Men Unknown 2003-09-12
Series Australian Idol Unknown 2003-07-27
Movie The Essence of Combat: Making 'Black Hawk Down' Unknown 2003-06-03
Movie Thelma & Louise: The Last Journey Himself 2003-02-04
Movie Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas Unknown 2003-07-02
Movie Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl Unknown 2003-07-09
Movie Johnny English Unknown 2003-07-18
Movie Miss Daisy's Journey: From Stage to Screen Himself - Composer 2003-02-04
Movie The Ring Unknown 2002-10-18
Series Into the Night with... Unknown 2002-05-10
Movie Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron Unknown 2002-05-24
Movie Live from Baghdad Unknown 2002-12-07
Series Idols Unknown 2002-02-24
Movie I Am Sam Unknown 2002-01-25
Movie Invincible Unknown 2002-01-17
Movie Black Hawk Down Unknown 2002-01-18
Movie Jason X Unknown 2001
Movie Spy Kids Unknown 2001-03-30
Movie An Everlasting Piece Unknown 2001-03-23
Movie Hannibal Unknown 2001-02-09
Movie The Pledge Unknown 2001-01-19
Movie Shrek Unknown 2001-05-18
Movie Pearl Harbor Unknown 2001-05-25
Movie Riding in Cars with Boys Unknown 2001-10-19
Movie Styx Unknown 2001-10-16
Movie Breaking the Silence: The Making of 'Hannibal' Unknown 2001-08-21
Movie Dungeons & Dragons Unknown 2000-12-08
Movie Gladiator Games: The Roman Bloodsport Unknown 2000-11-21
Movie Hans Zimmer: Scoring Gladiator Himself 2000-11-21
Movie Gladiator Unknown 2000-05-05
Movie The Road to El Dorado Unknown 2000-03-31
Series Die Motorrad-Cops: Hart am Limit Unknown 2000-03-30
Series The Critic Unknown 2000-02-01
Series CNN World Beat Unknown 2000
Movie Mission: Impossible II Unknown 2000-05-24
Movie King of the Jungle Unknown 2000-10-12
Series Breakfast Unknown 2000-10-02
Movie Chicken Run Unknown 2000-06-23
Movie From Dusk Till Dawn 3: The Hangman's Daughter Unknown 2000-01-18
Movie Der Kinomacher - Bernd Eichinger zum 50. Geburtstag Himself 1999
Movie Die goldene Kamera 1999 Unknown 1999-02-14
Movie The Thin Red Line Unknown 1999-01-15
Movie Endurance Unknown 1999-05-14
Movie The Last Days Unknown 1999-07-15
Series El candidato Unknown 1999-07-21
Movie Chill Factor Unknown 1999-09-01
Movie The Borrowers Unknown 1998-02-13
Movie Deceiver Unknown 1998-01-30
Movie With Friends Like These... Unknown 1998-09-10
Movie Antz Unknown 1998-10-02
Movie The Prince of Egypt Unknown 1998-12-18
Movie Jack Frost Unknown 1998-12-11
Movie The Lion King 2: Simba's Pride Unknown 1998-10-26
Movie The Peacemaker Unknown 1997-09-26
Series Hinter Gittern - Der Frauenknast Unknown 1997-09-22
Series Fame L.A. Unknown 1997-10-04
Movie As Good as It Gets Unknown 1997-12-25
Series The Hunger Unknown 1997-07-19
Movie Scream 2 Unknown 1997-12-12
Movie Precious Find Unknown 1997-12-01
Movie Face/Off Unknown 1997-06-27
Movie Smilla's Sense of Snow Unknown 1997-02-28
Movie Muppet Treasure Island Unknown 1996-02-16
Movie Two Deaths Unknown 1996-05-24
Movie White Squall Unknown 1996-02-02
Series High Incident Unknown 1996-03-04
Movie Broken Arrow Unknown 1996-02-09
Movie The Rock Unknown 1996-06-07
Movie The Whole Wide World Unknown 1996-12-20
Movie The Preacher's Wife Unknown 1996-12-13
Movie The Fan Unknown 1996-08-16
Series Alarm für Cobra 11 - Die Autobahnpolizei Unknown 1996-03-12
Series Die Harald Schmidt Show Unknown 1995-12-05
Movie Crimson Tide Unknown 1995-05-12
Movie Der Klang der Bilder Unknown 1995-02-18
Movie The 52nd Annual Golden Globe Awards Unknown 1995-01-21
Movie The 67th Annual Academy Awards Unknown 1995-03-27
Movie Nine Months Unknown 1995-07-12
Movie Something to Talk About Unknown 1995-08-04
Movie Beyond Rangoon Unknown 1995-08-25
Movie Renaissance Man Unknown 1994-06-03
Movie The Lion King: A Musical Journey with Elton John Himself 1994-06-15
Movie The House of the Spirits Unknown 1994-04-01
Movie The Making of 'The Lion King' Himself 1994-06-24
Movie The Lion King Unknown 1994-06-24
Movie Drop Zone Unknown 1994-12-09
Movie Monkey Trouble Unknown 1994-03-18
Movie The Lion King Unknown 1994-12-08
Series HBO First Look Unknown 1994-03-01
Series The Critic Unknown 1994-01-26
Movie I'll Do Anything Unknown 1994-02-04
Movie True Romance Unknown 1993-09-10
Movie Aspen Extreme Unknown 1993-01-22
Series Space Rangers Unknown 1993-01-01
Movie Sniper Unknown 1993-01-29
Movie Calendar Girl Unknown 1993-09-03
Movie Cool Runnings Unknown 1993-10-01
Movie Where Sleeping Dogs Lie Unknown 1993-06-19
Movie Batman: Mask of the Phantasm Unknown 1993-12-25
Movie Lifepod Unknown 1993-06-28
Movie Younger and Younger Unknown 1993-12-09
Movie Point of No Return Unknown 1993-03-19
Series The Tonight Show with Jay Leno Unknown 1992-05-25
Movie A League of Their Own Unknown 1992-07-01
Movie Dakota Road Unknown 1992-07-17
Series Millennium: Tribal Wisdom and the Modern World Unknown 1992
Movie Toys Unknown 1992-12-18
Movie Spies Inc. Unknown 1992-07-29
Movie The Power of One Unknown 1992-03-27
Movie Radio Flyer Unknown 1992-02-21
Movie K2 Unknown 1992-05-01
Movie Green Card Unknown 1991-02-01
Movie White Fang Unknown 1991-01-18
Movie Backdraft Unknown 1991-05-24
Movie Regarding Henry Unknown 1991-07-10
Movie To the Moon, Alice Unknown 1991-10-02
Movie Dark Obsession Unknown 1991-06-17
Movie Thelma & Louise Unknown 1991-05-24
Movie Pacific Heights Unknown 1990-09-28
Movie Days of Thunder Unknown 1990-06-27
Movie Chicago Joe and the Showgirl Unknown 1990-07-27
Movie Arcadia Unknown 1990-01-05
Movie Driving Miss Daisy Unknown 1990-01-26
Movie Bird on a Wire Unknown 1990-05-18
Movie Fools of Fortune Unknown 1990-06-22
Movie Paperhouse Unknown 1989-02-17
Series Troldspejlet Unknown 1989-02-03
Movie Twister Unknown 1989-06-30
Movie Black Rain Unknown 1989-09-22
Movie The Fruit Machine Unknown 1989-08-17
Movie Prisoner of Rio Unknown 1988
Movie The Last Emperor Unknown 1988-04-15
Series First Born Unknown 1988-10-30
Movie Rain Man Unknown 1988-12-16
Movie Burning Secret Unknown 1988-12-23
Movie Death Street USA Unknown 1988-07-29
Movie Track 29 Unknown 1988-07-12
Movie Taffin Unknown 1988-02-26
Movie A World Apart Unknown 1988-06-17
Movie The Nature of the Beast Unknown 1988-02-20
Movie The Wind Unknown 1987-11-25
Series Going for Gold Unknown 1987-10-12
Movie Terminal Exposure Unknown 1987-09-21
Movie Man kann ja nie wissen None 1987-06-18
Movie Prick Up Your Ears Unknown 1987-05-08
Movie Castaway Unknown 1986
Movie My Beautiful Laundrette Unknown 1986-04-04
Movie Separate Vacations Unknown 1986-04-01
Movie Vardo Unknown 1986-07-29
Movie The Zero Boys Unknown 1986-07-24
Movie The Lightship Unknown 1986-09-26
Movie Insignificance Unknown 1985-08-02
Movie Wild Horses Unknown 1985-11-12
Movie The Story of O 2 Unknown 1984-08-08
Movie Success Is the Best Revenge Unknown 1984-05-23
Movie Eureka Unknown 1983-05-20
Movie Moonlighting Unknown 1982-09-26
Series Wetten, dass..? Unknown 1981-02-14
Movie The Buggles: Video Killed the Radio Star Keyboardist 1979-11-17
Movie Robin and Marian Unknown 1976-03-12
Series Saturday Night Live Unknown 1975-10-11
Movie The Show Unknown 1927-01-22
Movie Souls for Sale Unknown 1923-04-22